RECYCLING MARKET IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
The solid waste management and recycling industry currently generates approx. EUR 137 million of turnover and creates over 2 million jobs1. If the European Union recycled 70 percent of its waste it would translate to half a million new jobs and further hundreds of billions of euro revenue each year.
The growth of demand for commodities in the EU will further strengthen the role of recycling. According to the envisaged future trends regarding waste generation and its recycling, it is expected that:
1. the amount of generated waste will grow by approx. 7 percent by 2020.
2. the recycling level will go up from the current 40 percent to 49 percent in 2020.
Each year the share of waste electrical and electronic equipment in the total amount of the European Union's waste sees a dynamic growth. According to estimates, by 2020, the amount of electrowaste may exceed the level of 12 million tonnes per year.
LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND REGARDING THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE RECYCLING of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE):
February 2003 saw the introduction of a groundbreaking act - Directive 2002/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council2 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE)
RECYCLING MARKET IN POLAND:
The average Polish household generated in 2010 over 610 kg of waste. It was nearly 400 kg less than in the European Union3. Despite some progress in the collection, recovery and recycling of electrowaste in Poland, the attained amounts are too low and do not meet the minimum EU norms currently in force – 4 kg of equipment collected per resident a year.
LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND REGARDING POLAND AND THE RECYCLING of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE):
The primary act regulating issues connected with the management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in Poland is the Act of 29 July 2005 on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) and its amendment of 21 November 2008.
LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL BACKGROUND REGARDING WASTE IN POLAND, INCLUDING TRADING IN RECYCLABLE METAL MATERIALS AND THEIR RECYCLING:
The rules of managing waste in a manner ensuring protection of life and health of people and the protection of environment in line with the sustainable development principle and in particular, the rules of preventing waste generation or limiting the amount of waste and its negative impact on the environment as well as its recovery or neutralisation are defined in the Act of 14 December 2012 on waste (Journal of Laws of 2013, item 21). It repealed the act of 27 April 2001 on waste in its entirety (Journal of Laws of 2010, No. 185, item 1243 as amended).
European Commission Brochure „Being wise with waste: the EU’s approach to waste management”, Luxembourg 2010, ISBN 978-92-79-14297-0, available at:http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/pdf/WASTE%20BROCHURE.pdf, accessed on: 2013-03-19
The full wording of Directive 2002/96/EC is available in the Official Journal of the European Union under number L 037, 13/02/2003.
Own calculations based on EUROSTAT data: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/tgm/graph.do?tab=graph&plugin=0&pcode=ten00110&language=en&toolbox=data